May 17

Book Assignment #1

Due Thursday by 10 p.m.  500 words minimum.  

Please include the title of your book in your response.  

a. Summarize your reading for that part; also, this might be the part to examine bias in the book w/ specific examples.

b. Connect a historical thinking skill to your book segment – contextualization, comparison, change and continuity over time, synthesis, cause and effects, periodization (including turning points).

c. Connect your reading to something we’ve studied in APUSH.

d. Make predictions as to where your story will go (in your last assignment, this needs to be an evaluation – Give the book a grade – A, B, C, D, F – and a recommendation to keep the book for next year or ditch it and why).  This would also be where you can examine your connection (or lack thereof) to the characters or events.


Posted May 17, 2017 by geoffwickersham in category Book reviews

69 thoughts on “Book Assignment #1

  1. Lizzie

    1.) I am reading The Help by Kathryn Stockett. This novel is set in Jackson, Missippi in the year, 1962. The story is split into chapters, and each chapter features a different character’s point of view. The three characters that tell the story are Aibileen, Minny, and Miss. Skeeter. The first six chapters of the novel simply introduce the characters and their current situations. Aibileen is an African American maid working for the Leefolt family. Aibileen has raised 17 different kids in her life. She takes care of Mrs. Leefolt’s child, Mae Mobley. Aibileen raises this child as her own. Miss Leefolt fails to show any signs of attention to her daughter, and her two-year-old daughter is clearly saddened by this. Aibileen sets out to make sure this girl turns out nothing like her mother. Aibileen has a flashback about her son, Treelore, who passed away at work. He got run over by a tractor. This event changed Aibileen. She stayed in bed for months and did not come to work. The Leefolt family was her first job back. One night, Miss Leefolt was hosting a dinner in which two of her friends, Miss Hilly and Miss Skeeter would join her. At this dinner, Miss Hilly refused to use the restroom because Aibileen used the same one. Keep in mind, this is a bathroom inside a house. She requests that Miss Leefolt builds a separate restroom for the help. Miss Skeeter is the only one who is sympathetic for Aibileen. A maid,whom she loved very much, raised skeeter. However, hers had left for unknown reasons. Skeeter asks Aibileen if she ever wishes that she could change the way things were. The day after the dinner, after fighting with her husband about it, Miss Leefolt sets out to build Aibileen her own restroom. Aibileen overhears the women at dinner talking about her best friend, Minny. Minny talks back to the people that she works for. If they tell her to do something, she sasses them. Minny works for Miss Walters. Miss Walters is Miss Hilly’s mother. Miss Hilly says to her friends at dinner that Minny had stolen her mother’s silver jewelry. On the bus ride home from work, Aibileen informs Minny of what she heard Miss Hilly say. Minny loses her job after Miss Hilly sends her mother to a nursing home. Minny can’t find a job because Miss Hilly has been telling people that she is a thief. Minny is the best cook in town, but her mouth stops her from getting jobs. Later on, Minny goes over to Miss Hilly. She tells Aibileen that she did something real bad to Miss Hilly, something worse than stealing. However, this has not yet been revealed in the novel. A few days later, Aibileen answers a call at work from Miss Celia Foote. Celia is looking for a maid and Aibileen recommends Minny. Minny goes over to Celia’s mansion and applies for the job. Miss Foote lives in a mansion, bigger than any house Minny had ever worked in before. Although, this is Miss Foote’s first time having a nanny. In one room of the house is a silver pistol and a confederate flag. Celia cannot cook, iron, or do many tasks that she is expected to. She hires Minny, but when Minny asks about the pay, she freezes. Apparently, Celia refuses to tell her husband that she is hiring a maid. She claims that she wants to show him that she can cook and clean without him thinking that she has help. However, Minny believes that this is only a part of the story, and there is something that Celia is hiding. She takes the job and works in secret because it offers good pay. She is scared for her life, though, because her safety could be severely harmed if Mr. Foote came home and found some random African American in his kitchen. Minny says that Celia must tell her husband about hiring her before Christmas. One night, Minny is working when she realizes that Celia’s husband had come home. She hides in the bathroom and fears for her life. This is where Minny’s part ends so far. In Skeeter’s part, we learn that her mother is not kind to her and wants her to get a job where she can meet men. Skeeter, although, wants to be a writer.

    2.) Contextualization- The novel takes place in the early 1960s. This was a prime time in which African Americans set out to achieve many new civil rights. Segregation was still in effect and African Americans were getting tired of it. They were forced to drink out of separate water fountains than whites, eat at different restaurants, use different restrooms than whites, and more. By 1963, Rosa Parks had helped allow African Americans to sit where they would like on busses. John F Kennedy was also assassinated in 1964. The Beatles were the most popular band of the time. African Americans boycotted busses and marched for their beliefs. African Americans were also deprived the right to vote because poll taxes and literacy tests were preventing them. SNCC and SCLC formed. Freedom riders traveled around the country and attempted to stop the segregation of busses. *The book, The Help, takes place in 1963, so many key events that helped occurred a few years later (Ex: Selma march on Washington, Civil Rights Act, Brown VS Board of EDU, etc).

    3.) In the first trimester of APUSH, we studied the 1960s. We learned not only about Kennedy and Johnson’s administrations, but we also learned about the groundbreaking civil rights changes for African Americans that occurred during this time. The novel, The Help, connects to APUSH because it demonstrates the struggled faced by African Americans in the South in the 1960s. Aibileen, one of the main characters, is not allowed to use the restroom inside the house that she works for. This is an example of the harsh segregation that went on in the time. Even in a home of the family that she worked and cared for, she could not relieve herself. We expanded on the struggled faced by blacks in class.

    4.) I predict that Miss Leefolt will get in a huge argument with Aibileen. She already seems to be fed up that her daughter admires Aibileen so much. Aibileen is also getting fed up with the new bathroom that was put into place. Secondly, I predict that Celia’s husband will find Minny, leadig her to find herself in a huge predicament. I predict that Minny gets fired but continues to work for Miss Foote in secret, helping her cook. I also predict that Miss Foote, who is oddly kind, is secretly evil and will turn on Minny.

  2. Brooklyn Scott

    I am reading “Flesh and Blood so Cheap” by Albert Marrin
    a) In the late to early 1800s many Europeans traveled or escaped many of their countries for a better life. Among the immigrants were Italians and Jews from Russia. The triangle fire mostly affected these two groups. In Italy, the country was divided between northern italians and southern italians. Many banks, and large industries were in northern italy so they were richer and seemed superior. While southern italians were seen as a disgrace and just an extension of Africa. Southern italians were usually poorer and were farmers. Many southern italians traveled to America for better economic opportunities. Due to the removal of Jewish people in ancient times in their homeland of Palestine they have since moved to other parts of eastern european. Many resided in Poland and in the late 1700s stronger neighbors around Poland decided to divide and take Poland for themselves and many Jewish people who lived in eastern Poland were now apart of Russia. However many Russians followed the Christian faith and so many Jews were outcasted. The czar created the Pale of Settlement which separated the Jews from the Christian Russians and they lived in poor neighborhoods called shtetls. Many Jewish people found it hard to find a job so many of them traveled to America. The travel to America was rough. Many people were unsure if they were going to make the journey due to a numerous amount of things.

    b) This first part of the book was great form of contextualization to begin the story. The book explained the hardships of Italians and Russian Jews before they came to America and why they came to America. The author explained how the Jews were removed from Palestine and spread throughout eastern europe and the discrimination they faced there. How many of the Jews were surrounded by Christians and were called “Christ Killer”. The southern italians were seen as uncivilized and ragged compared to the well kept northern Italians. The Italians were insanely poor and for them going to America was a risk they were willing to take.

    c)This is the 3rd wave of immigration we learned about after the Industrial Revolution. The third wave of immigration brought over southern and eastern europeans to America. This included greeks, and asians. Many were traveling to America for the large economic opportunity. Many of the immigrants didn’t have a lot of money so about twelve people would sleep in a room together. However many politicians of businessmen would scam the immigrants and essentially keep them in debt so they couldn’t leave their lease. These were known as political machines and were made known and famous by Boss Tweed.

    d)I believe the story will continue to educate me about the lives of the people who were affected by the triangle fire. I also believe that story will also educate about why no one helped them.

  3. Hassan Dabliz

    The book that I am reading is called revolver, it is about a family living during the Alaskan gold rush of the late 1890s. The year is much later after they moved in 1910, a boy sig who is 15 had just found his father dead after skiing over a weak part of the river and partially falling into a lake, he is able to get himself out but he was not able to make it home before he died. Sig brings his father home while his older sister and step mother go out and look for help in town. While they are out an older and creepy man comes and asks for Sig’s father while he is alone at home. He is fazed because the man is intimidated and he doesn’t know how to handle the situation, he tells the man that his father will be home soon expecting that the man will just leave but then he says he’ll stay and then asks if Sig is home alone to which he stupidly responds yes.
    This connects to U.S history because sig and his family had moved there in the late 1890s during the Klondike gold rush in Alaska. He was living there while his father was an assayer (he measures and evaluates people’s gold). The gold rush is said to have attracted 100,000 people only 30,000 are said to have made it. The gold rush or the Yukon gold rush took about a year to reach because many came from the Seattle or San Francisco area. Many died or turned back and were just unable to survive the harsh conditions.
    I can connect to the book a little because the main character is 15 like me and I live in Michigan were it gets very cold sometimes, although not comparable to the weather conditions in the arctic circle, actually near it about 100 miles away. But other than that I can’t really connect. I am lucky to have both my parents, all he has left is a 25 year old step mom and a 20 year old sister. I still go to school and he doesn’t. I live about 100 years after him. Overall I would say that the book is a B+ and I would defiantly recommend that you keep the book for next year. It starts off with very little introduction and it dives right into the story without a slow start and that is very entertaining.

  4. Michael Wainer

    I am reading Founding Brothers written by Joseph J. Ellis. This novel is the nonfiction description of the events of the political lives of seven of our founding fathers (and one founding mother). This book revolves around John and Abigail Adams, George Washington, Alexander Hamilton, Aaron Burr, Thomas Jefferson, Ben Franklin and James Madison. The first part that I read gave a general overview of what the stories will be about. It is trying to find a balance between the idolizing of the founding fathers that many people do now and the complete criticism of them. The second part of the novel that I read was titled “The Duel”. It told the story of the famous duel between Alexander Hamilton and Aaron Burr. The Interview at Weehawken is the name used to disguise the duel in which Alexander Hamilton was shot and killed by Aaron Burr. It also covers the different theories on how the duel went down. This includes the theory that Hamilton shot his bullet only because of recoil of being shot by Burr. The Burr theory says that Hamilton first fired at Burr, and then in turn Burr fired at Hamilton the only difference being that Burr’s shot hit. The most likely theory is however that Hamilton shot and intentionally missed Burr, but Burr did not know this so he shot and killed Hamilton.
    This book shows how much the American political leadership has changed over time. The author states that today a duel would not have been necessary for Hamilton and Burr. It is only because the country was so new as a Republic that they needed great leaders. In this time of need both Hamilton and Burr considered themselves to be great leaders. It was necessary for Burr to prove this because Hamilton had made remarks attacking his character. It was necessary for Hamilton because he felt that he could not have honestly refuted Burr’s claims. Had this been today when we know the Democracy would go on it would be possible for this rivalry to have been kept as simply a rivalry, but back at the beginning of American democracy, nobody wanted to be the American Catiline.
    In APUSH we learned about Thomas Jefferson’s presidency following the defeat of Aaron Burr in the 1800 presidential election. Regarding this election the novel does not discuss Jefferson versus Burr as much as it discusses Hamilton vs Burr. Part of what lead to the intense rivalry between Burr and Hamilton, and the eventual duel was Hamilton’s involvement in the 1800 election. Because of a flaw that lead to the 12th amendment, a problem in the electoral college lead to the Presidency being sent to the House. In the House, Hamilton lobbied for Jefferson which was a major part of Jefferson’s eventual victory.
    Since this is a novel of individual tales it is hard to tell the direction in which it is heading. I am sure that it will tell of the presidencies of Washington and Adams and Madison as well as the great political power of the other founding fathers. The next chapter is called the dinner. It seems to be focused on the disagreement of financial plans among the Founding Fathers, especially Jefferson and Hamilton. I infer that a large part of this chapter will focus on the decision to have or not to have a Federal Bank.

  5. Tania Miller

    a. The murder of the century takes place during the Gilded Age. So far what has happened is that there were these young boys playing by the pier when they saw a package. This book is really focussing on social class and goes into detail as to what people look like, where they came from, and their needs. This boy for example was described as a 13 year old kid who was working when he and his friends saw this package floating. He immediately jumped in and swam towards it because he thought it could be something valuable like cloth or food that would be worth selling or keeping. The book goes on to talk about the hundreds of people that when to the coroner/morgue and how they weren’t well taken care of. The bodies were quickly disposed of if they had no owner and were often burned. Then a father and his two kids discover another package. While the first was just a chest and arms, this package was his torso to just below his hips. This man was a jigsaw puzzle and a man named Carey was determined to solve it. But he wasn’t the only one, he also had to compete with reporters – men who would do anything and exaggerate information as long as he got paid. This was a time when hello journalism was very popular and it was seen more than actual news. These people would write about anything and everything to try and strike peoples attention.
    b. The yellow journalism is continuity because it had been going on for 20 years prior. It was used to influence the opinions of others and to truly get it across appropriately. A turning point in this book will be when they find all the body parts and have to decide where to go from there. During this time big monopolists like Carnegie and J.P Morgan were making a lot of money during the Industrial Revolution. This was a very exciting while difficult time. We were advancing and became the top producing country in the world while our workers were suffering greatly from poor working conditions.
    c. We learned a lot about Yellow Journalism and how influential it was in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. It swayed the publics opinion by stating lies and making up stories. Yellow journalism played a key role into us fighting in a war against Cuba and the Philippines. Earlier on in the book the narrator points out how there was no real news just stacks and stacks of fake news. People loved it, it put these ideas in their heads and rallied them up.
    d. I think this story will continue on to inform the reader as to when, where, and by whom the rest of this jigsaw was discovered. The ultimate goal is to discover the body and who it belongs to. This was during a time when there were not many advanced technologies to help with evidence and stats. So the book will continue to go into detail as to how discoveries are made. Casey will be fighting a constant battle to figure out what happened to this man while trying to receive the respect he deserves.

  6. Ny'dea Terrell

    a. The book I am reading is called “Annie’s Ghost”, by Steve Luxenburg, which entails a search through family history during the 1940’s-2000’s. The book setting is relatively in Detroit in the outskirts. There are Ford cars are still relatively popular. The book revolves around the narration of three characters. Which include, Beth (the mother), Sash (a step sister), and the main character who is the son. As a g;ance into the family history in the prologues the, the son mentions how his mother always reminded everyone she was an only child. But that seems to contradict it self when her children find out otherwise. The mother dies and leaves behind her children and stepchildren who are all adults. The son who was formerly a detective, now a journalist is determined to find out about his mysterious Aunt Annie, who they did not learn fully about until getting a notification from the cemetery. He starts by gaining as much information as possible from the cemetery as possible. One thing mentioned was a need for an amputation of her leg, when she was 17 years old. The information provided only leads to another source. An asylum that Annie stayed at for 32 years, split between two asylums. Still that information is leaving him with many questions. Within this part of the book, I realized that it was bias towards those who had family in hospitals during the 1970’s. Only focusing on those who had a physical or mental problem. “‘I get dozens of calls a month from people just like you,’ she replied… Who’s making all these calls calls I asked? ‘Family members,’ she said, “who have just discovered that they have a relative the never knew about.’”

    b. During the the time of 1940’s to 1980’s, Doctors recommended heavy doses of medicine or asylums for those who were abnormal. It wasn’t seen for a long time that those who have PTSD or Bipolar Disorder could be different and not require medicine. If you showed any signs of not behaving with the utmost graciousness, then you were treated with either solution, which continued thought through all of the “psychiatrist” of that time.

    C. As stated earlier about the amputation, as we learned in Apush in the wars, many soldiers would have limbs removed. Despite Annie might not being in the war, it shows resemblance that if you have any serious injuries on a limb in an era of limited medicines, that was the solution to avoid further infections in the body.

    D. In the beginning of the book the main narrator concluded that he doesn’t know much about his family tree; only which county descended from, but nothing ast his great-grandparents. I predict that through trying to find out more about his mysterious Aunt, he will learn more about his family history. Also that he will somehow come closer as to why his mother lied about being an only child. Not to mention he would find out that his Aunt could have had children that his family never knew about. Her children will clue him into what happened to Aunt. He might even come to the realization that one of his many siblings is his aunt’s child.

  7. Camille West

    Lafayette and the Somewhat United States
    A. The book begins by jumping around and giving a rough outline of Lafayette’s involvement in the US, then talking about 21st century elections, which I counted against the book because it was confusing and hard to follow. Then it outlines Lafayette’s childhood and the beginning of French involvement in the US revolution. There were a bunch of noble Frenchmen who were bored by the peace in Europe and wanted to fight, and almost with the logic of “the enemy of my enemy is my friend” (talking about GB), the French wanted to back the colonists. The problem was they didn’t want a full war with Britain, so they had an elaborate plan involving a cross dressing spy and over dramatic playwright who pretended to be a Spanish merchant who brought the old military supplies from the French from the French and Indian war, and he was really just using the crowns money to buy the crowns supplies. Someone threatened to tell the English about their plot to her the Americans, so the foreign minister of France send word to say “don’t send the supplies” and the playwright got wind that the message was coming so he sent some of the ships before he was officially told not to. At first, the American’s weren’t doing to hot in battle, so the French didn’t want To officially back them and then be embarrassed that they backed the loser, but then the Americans won a battle and the French decided to invest more in them and send more ships with guns and gunpowder and soldiers.
    B. Context for this is the Seven Years War/ French and Indian War, because it was a recent conflict that France had with Britain, so they weren’t happy with each other. The French and Indian War also sort of triggered the Revolution in a way, because GB needed money to pay for the war, so they taxed the colonists to pay for their own protection, which made them angry. This also works for cause and effect, because the French and Indian War was the cause for taxes. A lot of cause and effect also went back and forth between America and France because is America did well (cause), and then the French would send them more guns and money and men (effect). If the French sent guns and money and people (cause), then the Americans would be able to do better in battle (effect).
    C. Well it isn’t a secret that Lafayette went on to help America win the Revolution and the hearts of everyone who met him. I think that the most interesting part of this is the how, so I’m predicting that since everyone loved him, he made friends with the Americans and found himself liking them too. It is really interesting to learn about Lafayette because he was sort of all over the place, in the way that he met everyone and knew everyone, for example, King Louis XV came to his wedding, and he danced with Marie Antoinette at a party, and he was introduced to King George III, and he was also really close with pretty much all of the founding fathers, and touching on so many different areas makes this a really interesting read.

  8. David Boarman

    A.) I am reading “Between the World and Me” by Ta-Nehisi Coates for our APUSH independent books. The novel is written as a letter from Coates to his son about the world that they live in. So far in the novel, Coates has talked about the history of oppression in the United States against African Americans and the struggles that have resulted from such oppression. Coates references many times in American history in which the white men had oppressed minorities (i.e. the Great Migration). He also states that white America’s progress is based on the looting and violence of minorities, specifically African Americans. This may suggest a bias because Coates is an African American who has been living in a world that had discriminated against him.
    B.) One can see continuity in the time period of the novel in respect to the raising of awareness to discrimination towards African Americans. Coates discusses the modern-day oppression that African Americans are undergoing tin the United States, and we can see that this has continuity throughout the modern era because of the increase in technology exposing this. The LA riots in the 90s were because of an African American man being beaten and tased that was caught in video. Also, the riots in Ferguson, Missouri were as a result of a video taken that captured a black man being beaten by a white police officer. These two events and many others can show continuity throughout this modern era and is seen in Coates’ novel.
    C.) In APUSH, we have been learning about the struggles of African Americans throughout the year. This starts with slavery, then convict leasing and share cropping, racist governments, and continues on to the Civil Rights movement and beyond in American history. In Coates’ novel “Between the World and Me”, this very same discrimination and blatant racism is talked about by Coates in his letter to his son. Through this connection, we can see that APUSH knowledge is useful to have and helps the novel develop in one’s mind.
    D.) I predict that Coates will go on to further discuss the discrimination that occurs as well as the discrimination that he has encountered in his lifetime. I think that Coates will give his son advice on how to handle such discrimination as well as how to fight against it. By revisiting past times of oppression towards African Americans, I think that Coates will be able to give his son a good basis for him to grow off of and perhaps become and activist in the ongoing battle for total equality and the ending of racial discrimination. I do not have a connection to the character or events in this novel. This is because, frankly, I am a white, privileged boy who hasn’t come across and discrimination in my life. For that reason, this novel can at times be a bit hard to connect and get into, but I am still excited to read more of the novel and see where Coates’ goes in the rest of his letter to his son.

  9. Christian R

    For this assignment, I am reading The Help by Kathryn Stockett. In this book we see a woman, black, living life as The Help, a house maid for white people. We see the book take place in the 1960’s. Throughout her years Aibileen, the main character, has risen seventeen children. Aibileen’s job is too cook, clean, and to take care of her employer’s children. Already, in the first chapter, we can already experience and feel the racism against people of color. When Miss Leefolt, her employer hosts a luncheon to play bridge for some of her lady friends, one of the women, gets up to use the restroom, but uses the restroom she knows, Aibileen doesn’t. At this time, there was segregation in Jackson, Mississippi where the book is taking place. Hilly Holbrook is a strong believer of segregation in the bathrooms, she believes that black people carry disease and she doesn’t want her white self to catch any. The book is also not mainly narrated by Aibileen, wee see in chapter three, that her friend, Minny narrates the chapter.

    During the time this book took place, lots of things were occurring in America. At the time, the civil rights movement was taking place. Many people were fighting to end segregation throughout the country. This was a shaky moment in the History of the United States, because at this time as well, Cold War was technically still going on. Americans became more and more scares of communism and people were just generally becoming more aware of what was going on. In the book, we see a quite big deal of racism, and throughout the country, men and women of color were fighting for their rights left and right.
    In APUSH, we learned a great deal about the Civil Rights movement and the 60’s. We learned a lot about segregation. In the book we see an issue regarding bathroom segregation and whether or not the black maid is allowed to used the indoor bathroom of the white family’s home. This was just one problem within the nation’s countless number of problems regarding Civil Rights. Segregation at the time was technically still legal and very much real throughout the nation’s cities. But the book starts off in 1962, but segregation was soon to end in about two to three years with the passing of the Civil Rights Act.

    I predict that Skeeter has a good chance at getting a job at a publishing company and that she will also excel at her job. I also predict that, Aibileen will struggle or find it hard to be able to talk to Skeeter in their meetings about Constantine. I also predict, that with these meetings, Aibileen and Skeeters relationship will go further and grow. I give this book an B, because for me it starts of good and then starts to get a little slow. The book is very good actually, it is quite different from the movie. For people who might want to read this book for next year, I only recommend it to those who will actually invest their time into the book, because it is a quite large book and has some vocabulary here and there you might have to look up.

  10. geoffwickersham (Post author)

    You should have predictions for the book in Part 4, only on your last assignment should you give the book a grade and review.
    Also, you need to have a paragraph on a connection to historical thinking skills (part B).

  11. Joshua Salter

    In the first chapter of the book Unbroken, it’s basically gives off background information on the main character Louie and gives basic information on him, like he was born in New York. Also, it gives off information about his athletic career. Also in the chapter it starts off with Louie and two other crew members in a boat in the middle of the ocean with sharks surrounding them, which might be where they end up by the end of the story, it might be a flashback. In chapter 2 it talks about mostly athletics as one day he learns that every key has a one in fifty shot to open a door, so he put his house key into the school gym, and it worked so he used his house key to open up the gym and train. He also starts running and his older brother Pete starts pushing him to his limits. Towards the end of the chapter after multiple running accomplishments, he places first in the UCLA two mile race; he beat everybody by a quarter of a mile. In chapter 3, it also talks about Louie and his running, it talks about the records he broke again new ones, and he gets the nickname “Torrance Tornado”. He gets an offer from USC, and join a frat house with his brother Pete, but training there doesn’t do him enough to make the Olympic team for the 1500, but a an Elite Meet was coming up for the 5000 meter, and an Olympic lock was running in it, and during the race he keeps up with him the whole race, and barely loses, which basically revives his chances for the Olympics. In chapter four it describes the ship and how hard it is to train on the way to the Olympics, in 1936 he finished 8th in the Olympics. In chapter 5 World War 2 kicks in, he meets a Japanese spy but doesn’t know it, the draft kicks in and the 1940 Olympics are canceled because the stadium was blown up. The chapter ends with people hearing about Pearl Harbor. In chapter 6 it talks about the training of Pete and Louie, eventually Louie is deployed in the fall of 1942. In chapter 7, it goes through the process of Louie’s crew dropping the bombs in Japan. In chapter eight it talks about how Louie and his crew deal with deaths of their fellow crew members, Louie reads the bible or he drinks. In Chapter 9 it tells the story about what happened when Louie went over the Japanese island to take it out, and how he was engaged by Japanese forces firing at his plane, the plane barely makes it back their base, and Brooks is killed in the process getting back to the base.
    During Unbroken there has been a couple “causes and effects” during the book, one of them being that the Soviet Union dropped bombs on Japan, ruining the arenas canceling the 1940 Olympics, which made Louie very upset. Another cause and effect came with Pearl Harbor, when we were bombed by the Japanese; it caused the U.S. to join WW2 and inflicted the draft causing Pete and Louie to join the war. Another cause and effect happened when Louie flew over the Japanese island with his crew and was heavily fired at; this caused heavy damage to the plane and killed multiple crew members such as Brooks. These are some causes and effects that took place in chapters 1-9 of Unbroken.
    Some things that we learned in APUSH can connect to Unbroken. One thing I can connect it to is Pearl Harbor, in the book it describes holes in the ground and in the buildings around them, it describes the bases that were attacked, it also mentions that the only thing that was in somewhat good condition is the bathrooms. This connects to Apish because we learned about the Pearl Harbor attack in 1941, and we talked about how it brought us into the war. Another thing I can connect the book Unbroken to, is the movie we just watched with the spies, (I don’t remember the title) I can connect these two things because of the Japanese spy that Louie meets and becomes friends with, it’s basically foreshadowing that he will get caught because it says that he is a spy in the book, and it relates to the Soviet spy that we imprisoned during the Cold War that we saw in the movie.
    In the upcoming chapters of Unbroken, I’m predicting that tragedy will strike either Louie or Pete that will completely change the story, I’m predicting that one of them will die, or will be arrested, that will affect the plot of the story. I’m also predicting that the Japanese spy will be taken out or arrested; I’m predicting this because of the foreshadowing the book gives off about the spy. These are a couple of predictions for the upcoming chapters of Unbroken.

  12. Claire Hornburg

    a. I am reading Ghost Soldiers by Hampton Sides, which is about the American army on the pacific front during World War II. The prologue begins by describing a Japanese prisoner-of-war camp in the Philippines, more specifically the day the Japanese officers in the camp were ordered to execute all the prisoners. The camp housed American and Filipino prisoners alike, and a few prisoners were able to escape, later describing their experiences of hiding from the Japanese, playing dead, swimming across miles of ocean, and other grueling tactics they used to escape. It then describes the U.S.’s reaction to these horrifying stories of Japanese POW camps, and how MacArthur and a number of other high-ranking military officials felt that a rescue mission was necessary. They appointed Colonel Henri Mucci to lead this mission, and he set about creating a group of soldiers who would carry out this mission. Chapter one begins by describing a failed military campaign by the U.S. to drive the Japanese out of the Philippines, and how it took the courage of one man—General Edward King—to admit to defeat and surrender to the Japanese, despite his orders from higher-ups to keep fighting and potential court-martialing if he didn’t obey orders, to save the lives of the many American soldiers dying from starvation, among other things, due to the siege by the Japanese. Chapter two focuses on the beginning of the Ranger’s campaign to get to the Japanese prisoner-of-war camp to rescue the American soldiers there. By this time, the tide of the war had turned, and the Japanese were retreating, but that didn’t make the mission any easier or less dangerous. The U.S. soldiers and Filipino guerillas on the mission had to stay completely silent, and walk through miles and miles of rice paddies to reach their various checkpoints on their way to the camp, all the while avoiding Japanese detection. I don’t see any bias in this book so far, as it is mostly a direct retelling of a true story, with actual quotes from people who were there.
    b. The context of this book is that it takes place during World War II, and the Americans were fighting against Imperialist Japan in the Philippines, a country that had previously been under U.S. control. The U.S. had won the Philippines from the Spanish during the Spanish-American war, and had asserted their dominance over the islands during the Philippine Insurrection. Although no colony under imperialist control was treated well at all (American imperialism is no exception), the U.S. at least tried to make a positive impact on the Philippines, by setting up schools and other public buildings, and funding internal improvements. The Japanese took control of the Islands during the years leading up to the war, however, and this book describes one part of the mission to drive the Japanese out.
    c. This book obviously relates to World War II, which we studied in APUSH. Our involvement in the war began with the Japanese, and their attack on Pearl Harbor in 1941, and we declared war on Japan and by association the other Axis powers. Because of Pearl Harbor, many Americans had extremely bitter feelings towards the Japanese. Douglass MacArthur’s strategy of Island hopping was what made the campaign in the Pacific so successful, and by the end of the war Japan had let go of all it’s imperial possessions in the Pacific. In the book, it describes the increasing desperation among Japanese troops as the war wears on, and how extreme their tactics became (i.e. Kamikaze pilots). One result of this attitude among the Japanese is that they refuse to surrender, even after victory is impossible for them, which is what necessitates the use of the first atomic bombs on America’s part.
    d. I don’t know if I can make many predictions at this point in the book, or about this book in general. I know that the U.S. troops are eventually successful in rescuing the prisoners. I predict that they will have some trouble getting the prisoners from the camp, but that the bulk of the problems will occur on the way back, as that seems to be the part that the troops are most concerned about, and the part that will be hardest to accomplish without Japanese detection.

  13. Henry Van Faussien

    A. The story starts with Reagans childhood. He grew up during WW1 and the depression. He used to watch trains of enlisted men go out in numbers and wanted to be them, later on going into adolescence he recognizes the horrors that those men would face and reflected on his ignorance. The author also talks about his fathers alcohol problem and his fathers apathy towards them while he was drunk. Also living during the depression he went through a lot of moving. As a result he was always low man on the totem pole at school. He never excelled at sports and struggled with sight issues. However he found his calling after singing with the choir at his mothers church. He fell in love with performing and was a very entertaining person. This leads to him going to college following a pretty girl in the performing arts. Reagan attempts to join sports at the small college he follows his Mrs. Right to. He does not do well but grows respect in his public speaking and joins the student government there. His mom is very supportive of all his hardwork and efforts. His older brother had guven up and begun working in the factory in town. She wants Ronald to make it big and not become his father. After graduating college he takes his entertaining skills to sports as a radio announcer.

    B. To create a synthesis I would compare Reagan’s pursuit of theater to that of Troy Boltons in High School Musical. While Troy was good at sports and Reagan was denied from any sports team they both excelled on the stage and met a pretty girl that they wished to stay with in any circumstance.

    C. Reagan litereally grows up in the most recently studied tim period. During WW1 and the Great Depression. We see the constant job hunt, his mom joining the workforce. Also the influence that the soldiers moving on his life was very influential.

    D. I see the groundworks to see his entertaining chops taking him to Hollywood where he becomes a famous actor as we know. Starring in various movies like Kings Row and Bedtime for Bonzo. Also his involvement in his school politics eventual will lead to his term as governor and president.

  14. Beau

    A.My book, The Presidents and UFO’s: A Secret History From FDR to Obama by Larry Holcombe is an incredibly biased book by a UFOlogist who talks about the UFO craze in America, starting in the 1940’s (back when UFO’s were referred to as “flying saucers”) all the way to Obama, although the book goes chronologically so I haven’t quite gotten to our more modern presidents yet. The book talks about how ever since we first started our intelligence agencies in World War two, the government has been hiding secrets from us, for better or (as the author believes) for worse. Today, we know of some of the earliest of the government’s secrets, things like the Atomic Bomb were very closely-guarded secrets at the time, and we kept them secret so as to not let our enemy know about these kinds of things. The author states that part of the reason that the government tries to keeps UFO’s hidden from us is because the government thinks of aliens as our enemy, and that if the government were to tell the people, the aliens would know that we knew about them, and would have to be even more covert. The book has extreme bias, though not of the partisan kind. The book heavily relies on citing evidence from “leaked” government documents, and talks about said documents as if the reader has already read them, making the reader feel as if they are reading the sequel to a book that they hadn’t read. The author refuses to even acknowledge any evidence that aliens might not be real, which can be frustrating for a reader who is trying to stay unbiased.

    B) I would like to connect this book to Change and Continuity over time, as that is highly applicable as the book takes place over roughly 70 years. Some of the continuity over time has been the government keeping secrets from the public, such as with the atom bomb, or with Watergate. Continuity can also be seen in how UFO fanatics are just as–for lack of a better word–passionate at what they do as they were in 1940s, and using similar structure to their arguments, both good and bad, as while they are certainly able to make some connections that can make you question what you know, they often turn to making straw man arguments and filling in gaps in their arguments with guesswork. Change mostly comes in the form of communication between UFO fanatics, as well as in what kinds of evidence they use. While pictures and documents were rare in the early 40’s, nowadays there is plenty of “evidence”– including plenty of fake news, photoshopped images and fake stories.

    C. I would connect things in this book to times where presidents have done what they could to keep information secret and to stay in power, and a great example of that is Watergate. While aliens are much more about keeping secrets than staying in power, Watergate is a great example about how the government can and will attempt to keep secrets from the people for whatever reasons it pleases.

    D.I predict that with the inventions of the internet that with the Information Superhighway UFO fanatics will find it easier to obtain and use evidence–both real and fake–to help bolster their claims.

  15. Lindsay Martin

    a.The book Fever followed the story of Mary Mallon- better known as Typhoid Mary. She is an Irish immigrant who came to America, and she has a passion for cooking. It starts out explaining Mary’s experiences at the Kirkenbauer’s house back in 1899. This is the first instance she saw the fever. A little boy named Tobias fell ill, and eventually died. This incident impacted Mary, and began the trail of the disease. The book then jumps back to her arrival, where she didn’t know how to make money. She joined an agency that rented her out to different houses, beginning as a laundress. At her first job, the head chef got sick, so she stepped in and prepared a meal. The meal was so delicious that she kept cooking for them. When that job ended, she applied to a different agency, which listed her as a chef. She quickly learned new meals to cook and excelled at her job. She has a boyfriend at home, Alfred Breihof, who is a heavy drinker that won’t marry her. It talks about how she wants to marry him, and that she doesn’t like being frowned upon for living unmarried together. They fight often, but still have lots of love for each other. Typhoid fever also begins to reveal itself in the book. Whenever she is a cook, the kids often fall sick. She has never caught the fever, but she knows the best ways to save people from it. She wants to do everything she can- bringing ice chips, soothing the children, but often they won’t let her. She leaves her place of work and asks the agency to employ her elsewhere. Mary starts work at the Warren residence. She takes this job in Oyster Bay to get away from Alfred, as they are having a fight. After working there, six people caught typhoid fever. An investigator as to why this happened, Dr. Soper found the connection to Mary.
    b. This book takes place in the early 1900s. This is around the time of the industrial revolution. Also, more measures were being taken towards sanitation. After Upton Sinclair published The Jungle, the Pure Food and Drug Act and the Meat Inspection Act are both passed. America continued to struggle with Women’s Suffrage. There was a rise of monopolies, including J.P. Morgan, and Rockefeller. Civil Rights were also growing thanks to W. E. B. DuBois and Booker T. Washington.
    C. In APUSH, we learned Typhoid Mary was an immigrant accused of spreading diseases. This example shows how many nativists viewed immigrants- dirty disease spreaders. This reminded me of when we studied Eugenics in apush. Eugenics was popular in the late 1800s and early 1900s, and targeted immigrants from Europe and other minorities. This can be seen as an action taken against the influx of immigrants. Eugenics was created by Sir Francis Galton, who theorized that the upper class was superior due to their genetic makeup.  He believed that through choosing those who are “fit to breed”, we will speed up evolution. Those who supported Eugenics supported sterilizing the poor, immigrants, disabled, and the immoral.
    D. With my prior knowledge on the subject, I can infer that next, Mary will be sent to an island in isolation. I believe that the book will go into details on her contentedness, or lack thereof. Knowing the character, I predict Mary will fight to get back to cooking, as she has such a passion for it. Mary is a very social character, so isolation won’t do her well. Once she has her mind set on something (such as not being sick), she sticks to it. She will fight against her sentence to the best of her abilities.

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