June 6

Book Assignment #4

Due Thursday, June 8 by 10 p.m.  500 words minimum.  

Please include the title of your book in your response.  

a. Summarize your reading for that part; also, this might be the part to examine bias in the book w/ specific examples.

b. Connect a historical thinking skill to your book segment – contextualization, comparison, change and continuity over time, synthesis, cause and effects, periodization (including turning points).

c. Connect your reading to something we’ve studied in APUSH.

d. Give the book a grade – A, B, C, D, F – and a recommendation to keep the book for next year or ditch it and why).  Use specific examples from the book.  Also, complete your Aurasma 1 minute book review.

Happy reading! 

Posted June 6, 2017 by geoffwickersham in category Uncategorized

72 thoughts on “Book Assignment #4

  1. Ny'dea Terrell

    A. Luxenburg has come closer every chapter to learning about his undisclosed Aunt Annie (no pun intended to the pretzel store) in the novel, Annie’s Ghosts by Steve Luxenburg. There have been many denials of facts and information by the state or Eloise asylum for documents. However through the first hand interviews with his elder family friends, there was a surplus of information that was provided to him. His cousin Anna who was in her late 80’s remembered specific details about Annie’s journey. His mother was adamant about keeping her sister a secret, described by Anna, she wanted nothing to do with Annie. Notwithstanding, Grandma Tillie did not have the same beliefs, it was her flesh and blood who she did not want to abandon. She would often make a trip from the city of Detroit to the outskirts, which was an hour long bus ride. Grandma Tillie was beginning to be to old to make the journey on her own so she asked Anna to make the journey with her. That was quite upsetting for Luxenburg’s mother to hear and did not appreciate Anna’s presence in her family’s “very” personal life. Anna would not back down and continued to make the trips. In fact she had seen Annie, who tended to be distant, not wanting anything to do with Anna. It often made Annie upset to see Anna. Once Grandma Tillie fell ill, she wasn’t able to visit Annie, and no one visited Annie for years. Other family friends did not have encounters with Annie, Luxenburg’s mother was ashamed to have Annie as a family member. The extent of Luxenburg’s information on his aunt was cut short, due to the time limit on when to access the documents or the misplacement of documents. He was only really only able to capture the essence of what her doctors thought and some her close relatives, such as Anna saw. The most prevalent bias I saw throughout the novel was Luxenburg’s struggle to accept information. If someone would make him aware of Annie’s time in the asylum, he would never accept it, but only question if it was correct or not, even if it was coming from a reliable first hand source. Some would say it is a positive coming from his Journalism skills.

    B. Detroit is known as the “Motor City”, since the invention of the Model T be Henry Ford. It was the obvious thought to all who lived in Detroit to have a car, after all they are made there. This contributed somewhat to Ford’s belief to lower the price of the cars and increase the wages for his employees. Ford lowered the prices of cars, because it made it more affordable for everyone, which ultimately increased his revenue, due to families purchasing more than one car. Obviously by the time of this novel other cars were invented by then, but it was still a relatively low price, because if they were too high they would revert back to Henry Ford.

    C. White flight was already present or close to the influx of families adopting it during the time setting of this novel. Many families were not in the heart of Detroit, but not in the suburbs either. In simpler terms they are in the middle. On the agenda of many other families, Luxenburg’s mother wanted the next step to be to move to the suburbs. Many urban cities experienced the Great Migration. There were already freeways created for commuters to and from the city, so many had the aspiration of a large yard with a white picket fence.

    D. After reading the novel, I would grade the book as a C+. It was interesting to read about the facts that would not come from research, only from a first hand source. It made many connections to things we learned in class, Dorothea Dix’s protesting being the most impactful. However it was very hard to stay focus on a dry text that had no surge of excitement when presenting those facts. For example Luxenburg was waiting for a response from the Wayne County Medical sector, and he tediously explained the process, which was the same as any other process mentioned by him when obtaining files from a different division of the state/county. That could contribute to the fact that the author is a journalist and mainly focus on presenting the facts straight forward. I would not keep the book for next year, because it was quite bland the majority of the time, with small amounts of interesting events.

  2. Davit Tran

    I am reading Unbroken by Laura Hillenbrand. At the beginning of chapter 26, Louie is being asked to do another propaganda recording. When Louie refuses to read the message, he is bribed with meals and a bed. In the end he refuses and is beaten and sent to a punishment camp where he is beat by someone called The Bird. In this part I see a bias against the Japanese. Whenever Laura writes about them, it’s always in an evil manner. In this part they are manipulative, entitled, and abusive, but the bias is understanding because it’s a book about WWII and they were our enemies at that time. Phil is still at Zentsuji where people are dying off like flies because of the poor cleanliness. His family receive news that he is still alive but are asked to keep it on the down low but the news soon spreads very quickly. Back at the camp, Louie is still being harshly treated but Bird is sent off to control another camp. Since Bird is gone, the men at the camp are treated much better. They are even allowed to write letters to their loved ones. Here we see Laura showing that not all Japanese people are bad, and there are only some bad people. Louie and his friends are again under control by Bird. When some fish go missing, Bird accuses Louie and his friend and forces them to punch each other in the face. Bird watches and smiles at the same time. Louie spends days recovering and notices the citizen of Japan are also very skinny and look hungry. More B-29s fly over the camp. It is a signal to Japan to surrender their camp before they start attacking. Bird does not cave but tortures the POWs even more. He makes them work harder and casually makes them punch each other. Louie isn’t given a fair amount of work so he ask for more work for equal rations. Bird gives him a frail sheep to raise but the sheep dies soon after. Louie begs for mercy but Bird makes Louie hold a long wooden beam until he collapses. Hiroshima and Nagasaki are raided and the POWs hear rumors about it, but don’t know official details. Louie is very frail and ill and one day when bird leaves, he decides to take a stroll and is beaten by one of the nice guards. This shows how being apart of something evil can make an evil person. A civilian tells the POWs that the war is over, many of the men don’t believe it while many men are crying tears of joy. Louie along with other POWs receives all the letters and photos from their families. The men are told the war is over and they are allowed to bathe in the river. When they enter the river, a plane appears over head telling them in mores code that the war is over. It also drops a message saying food will be arriving soon and a magazine showing a picture of the huge mushroom cloud over Hiroshima. The men know what actually happened now. Planes drop food like promised. When the POWs are on the train, the see many cities left in rubble and being to feel sad but soon after when they see the nurses, they celebrate again. When Louie returns home, his family plays him the recording of his broadcast and he starts to freak out and order it be broken. He does this because it brings back memories of Bird. Back at home Louie meets a girl names Cynthia and they decided to marry a month later. Cynthia’s parents don’t agree and don’t allow her to go to California so Louie and Cynthia communicate with letters. In these last chapters, Laura shows how many of the POWs and verterans are traumatized (PTSD). For example when they are eating, one of the POWs freak out when he sees white rice. Louie starts to drink his pain away which affects his relationship with Cynthia. He also cannot get his mind off killing Bird. He makes many plans to kill Bird. His dreams are so bad that, one night he dreams he is strangling Bird and wakes up to him strangling Cynthia. Things between the two get so bad they divorce. But until the divorce is finalized, they live together. One day, Christian preacher Bill Graham comes to LA and Cynthia goes to the preaching. Bill’s words are so powerful that she decides to not divorce Louie. Louie also wants to hears Bill’s preaching but at first thinks its nonsense but later listens and praise them. He goes home and pours out all his alcohol and throws away his cigarettes. Louie starts to live his life happy and well with Cynthia and becomes a speaker telling his story. I think that Pearl Harbor could be compared to the Nuclear Bombings. Pearl harbor was what brought the U.S. into war. Pearl Harbor was the first major attack against the U.S. People all around America were shocked and volunteered to fight. Pearl Harbor in my opinion brought up the morale and gave a purpose for the men to fight. The Nuclear bombings were completely different. The U.S. dropped two nuclear bombs in Japan, which ended the war. Instead of boosting the morale of the people in Japan, it lowered it so low that they had to surrender. I think the nuclear bombs are way more cold blood. They were done in two major cities, Hiroshima and Nagasaki. These cities were filled with innocent civilians who had nothing to do with the war. Pearl Harbor was different because Pearl Harbor was a naval base where civilians weren’t around. In class we learned about the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, which basically ended WWII. In the book, Louie and all the other POWs are confused about why Ally bombers are flying over the camps and why Bird is on edge. They only hear rumors about the end of the war, but don’t know what truly happened until they receive a magazine with the cover of a huge mushroom cloud over Hiroshima. Japan got the U.S into the war with Pearl Harbor and the U.S. ended the war by bombing Japan. Hiroshima was bombed with a bomb called “Little Boy” and the bomb dropped in Nagasaki was called “Fat Boy”. Fat boy was significantly larger then little boy and was dropped three days after Little boy. I would rate this book an A. It is very interesting to learn about how POWs were treated in Japan. In class we learn about how the Japanese were treated but never really learned about POWs in Japan. It’s a WWII book that focuses on subjects like PTSD and I like that a lot. I would recommend it for next year because it is very real and vivid. It goes over all the parts of war. How people reacted at home, how it was like to fight for America, how it was like being a POW, and how it was like after the war.

    Aurasma: Davit T Unbroken

  3. Marshall Lockyer

    1) Louie comes home, only for his family to find that he has changed due to PTSD. For example, Louie yells at his sister to break a broadcast of one of his recordings after it is played. After this event, Louie goes to his room and begins having nightmares of the bird and becomes an alcoholic to compensate. Soon Louie meets Cynthia Applewhite in Miami and thinks “I will marry her” to himself. As fate would have it, he sees Cynthia and her friend the very next day at a bar and they begin talking. The two decide to get married at the end of the month and Louie stops drinking and gets a job at warner brothers. Later on, Phil, Cecy, Louie, Cynthia and Fred all go out to dinner, however this quickly goes wrong as Fred has a panic attack in the restaurant. Eventually, Louie’s relationship with Cynthia begins to deteriorate. He began to drink again to cope with his nightmares meanwhile, Cynthia has begged him to stop, but he continued, Cynthia and Louie have some very heated arguments, one of which led her to spend the night at her parents house and finally Louie has banned her from going to church. Eventually she tells him that she is pregnant but after more fighting, she files for divorce. The next day they get back together and she decides to take him to church and Louie finds a source of strength in god and is able to live a normal life with his family.
    2) The contextualization of this latest part is the end of World War 2. The United States begins to bomb multiple cities, including Tokyo and is overwhelming the Japanese. After successfully testing our atomic bombs, President Truman drops an atomic bomb on Hiroshima and follows it up by dropping another one on Nagasaki two days later. The Japanese surrender a week later on August 16, 2945.
    3. I can connect this reading of the book to when we learned about President Truman’s plans to drop Fat man and little boy nearing the end of World War 2. I remember learning about President Truman’s dilemma and how he ultimately decided to drop the two bombs (We did a blog on this if I remember correctly)
    4. I would definitely give this book an A and strongly recommend keeping it as an option for the following years. I think it’s written in a way that makes it very interesting and very easy to understand. I would advise that only people with strong stomach’s read this book as many of the events that take place in the book are heartbreaking and or cruel (The Bird’s treatment of Louie, when Mac sacrifices himself, when they get captured, etc.). Lastly, I think most people would have a pretty easy time connecting with Louie, as he is an athlete, a great leader and most of all, a patriot.
    I wasn’t at school today so I don’t know how to do the Aurasma, so can I do it next week?

  4. Joshua Salter

    In chapters 30-39 more events take place than you would expect, The Bird gets in his last punishments in on the POWs, Louie takes the beatings knowing that the war is almost over, which is a big help to getting him through the last few days, as the days more forward, more rumor come in on the war ending. They also hear about the bombs that are dropped in August which symbols the end of the war, on August 20th they know that the war is over, but the surrendering hasn’t been signed officially yet so they have to wait until September until it is signed, but waiting for the war to be officially over wasn’t bad because they were supplied with supplies such as food and clothing, eventually they are picked up on a train, and taken to a major city where they are interviewed and get to sleep in actual beds. Louie waits to go home, because he wants to put on more weight so his mother doesn’t flip out, but eventually he returns home after making a few trips to the hospital. Eventually he returns home and his mother plays clips of his recordings from Japan and he flips out on her telling her to smash that, Louie leaves and goes to Miami with some of his crew and he meets a girl named Cynthia who he really likes, their marriage gets postponed because of Cynthia’s parents, and because Louie goes to London to train for the 1948 games. Eventually they get married, and her parents aren’t too happy about it. Louie is having trouble, with alcohol and drug abuse because he has nightmares about the Bird, and drinking and smoking make you lose thought about those things for a little bit, he then tries to stop drinking and start running again but his ankle is too bad to be a top competitor runner, so he starts to drink and smoke again, eventually Cynthia becomes pregnant but the fighting hasn’t stopped, Louie wants to go kill the Bird but doesn’t have money financially, fighting gets worst, and eventually they agree on divorce, but a couple nights before they legally are divorced, Cynthia visits a preacher named Billy Graham and gets Louie to start going, Louie gets his message and eventually asks Jesus for forgiveness, and after that Louie stops having dreams about the Bird, and Louie and Cynthia stay married, Louie stops drinking. Eventually, Louie returns to Japan, he visits prisons to talk about Jesus, but he also sees former guards from the camps, and asks about the Bird, but they tell him the Bird took his own life. Louie now sees the Bird as a man, and not as a physical, hurtful prison guard.
    There were a lot of causes and effects throughout the last ten chapters, one of them is the bomb dropping of Hiroshima, this caused the POWs to be basically be free and get supplies, also is ended world war 2 forcing them to surrender. Another cause and effect is seeing the Bird in Louie’s dreams, seeing the Bird in his dreams and causing him nightmares made Louie start to drink and smoke to get rid of thoughts about the Bird. Finally, another cause and effect was when Cynthia convinced Louie to attend Billy Graham’s church and listen to him speak. This causes Louie to ask for forgiveness of his sins and his nightmares go away when he asks for forgiveness and when the dreams go away so does his habits of drinking and smoking.
    I can connect a couple things in the last ten chapters relating to Apush, one of them being the B-29s dropping bombs on Japan, these B-29s and bombings we talked about during our World War 2 chapter, we also learned that these bombings ultimately ended World War 2 as it talks about in the books. Another thing I can relate to Apush, is the POW camps, we learned also during our WW2 unit about the awful beatings and conditions these troops went through, also the lack of food and clean clothes, not only is this expressed in the book a lot because Louie was there for a long time, but it was also talked about during our WW2 unit.
    I would give this book an A, Unbroken in the beginning has the high potential to draw in readers, when it talks about Louie and the running career he has, but throughout the book, there isn’t much boring sections, in every chapter there are new events and events that are tied into each other from different chapters such as keeping up with what the Bird is doing after the war concludes. The book is also good to read because if you’re into history about wars, than this will be a good book for you, because the vast amounts of information given off about World War 2, such as the B-29s and the bombings, and also what it was like in the POW camps and how they got their information on what was going on in the war. I recommend this book for Apush students next year because it isn’t a normal history book that is based on a true story, it doesn’t bore you with facts, the book actually tells a true story of a runner and his journey from his running career to his military career, and all the way to his life after the war. This is why I recommend the book Unbroken.

  5. Ashley A

    A.In this final section of Fever 1793 by Laurie Halse Anderson, Mattie ends her journey and maturation into a mature young woman. After being taken in by Eliza, Mattie takes on the task of watching the Eliza’s twin Nephews William and Robert as well as Nell. The task isn’t easy and the helper from the Free African Society Mother Smith suggests that Nell should go be taken to the orphan house, because the longer she stayed, the more attached she got to Mattie which would make it harder for both of them to let go. After, letting this suggestion play a mental tug of war in her brain, Mattie decides to take Nell to the orphanage the next day. However when she arrived along with Eliza, the head of the orphanage was complaining about the amount of children being held at the house and said that anywhere else would be better for Nell at the moment, so Mattie decided that it would be best to keep her. When walking back to Eliza’s house daisies began falling from a window and Mattie looked up to find Nathaniel Benson, the Peale’s apprentice for art and her crush, this gave Mattie great comfort because she no knew for sure that he had survived the so far. When they arrived home for dinner, they found Joseph, Eliza’s brother, in much better shape after the loss of his wife and after being a victim of the fever. He states that he was well enough to take care of the kids himself and Eliza recruits Mattie to aided in the Free African Society’s cause which is to aid those that are victimized by the fever. After a long day of shopping for overpriced medicine and helping of the sick around the town, Eliza and Mattie return to the house to find all three children badly infected with the fever. Mattie offers for them to be cared for at the coffeehouse because it is cooler there and a better place to tend to them. After a week of gruesome and tiring care for the restless children at the coffeehouse, the 1st frost came, clearing the air and effectively cooling down the kids. The children get better and more and more people start to return back to the city after word of the frost travels. The market livens up once again and that is where Mattie bumps into Nathaniel who ends up walking her home and strolling the city with her every day after that. Over a celebratory feast for the end of the fever, Joseph and Eliza indirectly tell Mattie that her mother is dead and that he should sell the money for her dowry. Believing that she her future was being decided for her like when grandfather and mother were still around, she stands up and tells the group her plans to run the coffee house herself with a partnership with Eliza. This is a shock to everyone but with much reluctance Eliza, accepts her offer and the coffeehouse reopens the next day. The coffeehouse thrives under Mattie’s owner ship and the new ideas that she offers. Nathaniel is a great help to the shop and its success and sells his paintings there. One day, President Washington parades down the main streets to debut his return to Philadelphia and everyone rushes into the street to see him. After his entourage passes, a carriage comes by and it contains a frail and weak woman which happens to be her mother. It turns out her mother was still recovering from the fever and from a solo escape she did to find Mattie since Mattie never made it to the farm to live with her mom. Her mother’s doctor prescribed her a life of leisure so she can’t run the coffeehouse any longer so Mattie plan continues to thrive. In the epilogue we see Mattie taking over her mother position, waking early, setting up shop, etc. She has becomes almost a complete opposite of her beginning self but the same in a way. The epilogue shows her full growth I to a young woman by her taking in the beauty of the simple thing s such as the rising sunset which has become her hot air balloon she desired in the beginning.
    B. In this final section Mattie prompts Eliza not to bleed her nephews as new research from France suggests that it actually does more harm to fever patients than good and that she should invest in herbs and natural treatments. This is similar to the time period in the mid-19th century where herbal doctors and root doctors were very common remedy givers. This method of root healing stems all the way from the original slaves traditions and has been carried from generation this continuity still is prominent in our pharmaceutical regions of work today. In the novel, Eliza prescribes an herbal root to the 3 kids if they can stomach it and this root was still in use in the times of the 19th century directly based of research previously collected by me.
    C. In the last section of the novel, we here about how the markets prices rose and fell dramatically just as the temperature did. In APUSH we learned how the markets were the main source of produce for big cities such as Philadelphia and how they would use the season and the circumstance to gain more money for the crop. Also we learned how farmers used the amount of their competition to the control the market of their crop. During the winter, in this novel, prices dropped dramatically because the amount of farmers in town rose exponentially and suddenly there was plenty of competition for their product. Also, we see in the novel that when the fever was prominent and there was nearly no food to be found the people were starving and consuming things like sawdust bread.
    D. I give this book an A- because it has a very interesting story line and very intriguing characters. However this book can cause one to loose interest from time to time and can get a tad boring, like when Mattie and her grandfather are back in town after their travels, I believe that it stretched out for too long. Lastly, a great pro to this book was that it was an easy read and though it was set in a time way before today, it was easy to understand. I think that we should keep this book for next year because it was genuinely a good book and interesting enough to keep me reading at the last weeks of school.

  6. Claire Hornburg

    a. The Rangers left Platero, and approached the camp, crawling across the flat landscape to avoid detection. At Cabanatuan, about a month before the ranger’s arrival, the prisoners become increasingly paranoid about the Japanese exterminating them all. One day at the camp, an American prisoner is called to confer with the Japanese guards, and then all the Japanese soldiers leave the camp, with strict instructions to the Americans to not try and escape. The prisoners, dumbfounded and convinced it’s a trap, do not leave the camp and instead raid the Japanese side of the camp for food. A period of about two weeks passes where the Americans eat all the food the Japanese stockpiled, then more Japanese troops start filtering into the camp, but it’s much different from before in that the Japanese and Americans largely just ignore each other and stick to their respective sides of the camp. In late January, the Rangers finally invade the camp, with one group of soldiers in the front of the camp, one in the back, and two groups of guerilla fighters on either side to prevent an external Japanese attack or a call for more troops. The plan mostly goes without a hitch, with minimal problems regarding the Japanese soldiers in the camp (they were caught completely off-guard, and there weren’t that many). The only issue the Rangers run into is that many of the Americans don’t believe they are being rescued, and instead think it’s a Japanese plot to kill them all. As they start to realize that this is, in fact, an American campaign to liberate them, they leave through the front entrance of the camp, and begin the walk back to Platero. The carts with the Cabaros are there according to plan, although Mucci underestimated the amount of prisoners there were and how weak there are, and has to request more for the rest of the trip. The trek back to American lines goes mostly without incident, and the prisoners are free.
    b. The liberation of the camp at Cabanatuan is similar to the liberation of many Nazi camps by the allied forces in Germany during the same time period. Soldiers came into the camps to find the prisoners emaciated, weak, and diseased. Although they had been preparing for this, the reality of just how bad conditions in the camps were was shocking, and not something any amount of words can prepare you for. A major difference, however, is how the camps were portrayed in the American media. Since the prisoners at Cabanatuan were American soldiers, the brutality of the Japanese was emphasized, and the horrors told in excruciating detail. However, since the prisoners in the camps in Germany were largely Jewish, and anti-Semitism was still prevalent in American society, the horrors were downplayed, and pushed to the bottom of newspapers, and as such many American’s didn’t realize the true effects of the Holocaust until years after.
    c. The content of this book relates to Pearl Harbor, which is the event that caused the U.S. to enter WWII. Since it was the Japanese who attacked Pearl Harbor, the U.S. obviously had bitter feelings towards the Japanese, and declared war on them before sending troops to the Philippines to take them back from the Japanese. The intense racial hatred seen on both sides in this book is a byproduct of being at war with another country, but I imagine the hatred was only intensified by the fact that the Japanese had attacked America, killing over 2,000 of our soldiers, only a couple years prior.
    d. I would give this book an A-, and you should definitely keep it on the list for next year. It was engaging, and went into amazing detail about all the aspects of the story. The fact that it switched between the stories of the Rangers and of the prisoners made the ending feel much more emotional and satisfying, because you had previously read about the awful conditions of the camp, and the marches that preceded it, and knew how much the prisoners had to go through there. My only problem with this book is that the beginning dragged a little bit, so it was kind of hard to get into. I was very surprised that I liked this book (War books aren’t typically my thing), and the fact that I liked it despite my general avoidance of books like it speaks volumes about how engaging and well written it is.

  7. David Boarman

    A.) In the fourth section of “Between the World and Me” by Ta-Hehisi Coates, Coates continues to talk to his son about the dangers and the strings are attached to being African-American in the United States today. The novel is very short, so in the previous 3 book assignments I pretty much covered everything that happens in the book. Therefore, I will reflect on the entirety of the novel. Throughout the novel, Coates basically just tells his story of growing up in an area where being African-American put him at a disadvantage and even at time it put him in danger. In addition, Coates talks about the racism in the United States and how it has always been there
    B.) I think that one can compare this time period (during Coates’ childhood) to that of the time just after Reconstruction, when the United States military left the South and the previous southern officials took over again, and with them came the Jim Crow laws. African Americans struggles to gain rights and where greatly discriminated against. Although the discrimination is not to the extent of it was then, during Coates’ childhood African Americans were also greatly discriminated against and were unfairly treated in the eyes of law enforcement, just like in the time of Jim Crow laws.
    C.) In class, we learned about the Jim Crow laws and the period after Reconstruction that I applied in part B. The Jim Crow laws were laws that were passed in southern states that restricted the individual rights of African Americans. The United Sates government entered an era in which they had little involvement in activities in the United States and was increasingly conservative (the Gilded Age). This helped the Jim Crow laws grow more powerful and allowed them to be SOP (standard operating procedure) in the southern US.
    D.) I would give this book a grade of a B-. I think this book was a very interesting read, but it lost traction for me in the one-sided view of Coates. In the novel, Coates speaks as if all white people are the enemy, especially members of the government and law enforcement (i.e. Prince George County police). I understand that Coates had experiences with white men that were obviously racist, but this is not a norm in society, at least with my experience. I also acknowledge that I have a biased as a white man myself, but I still find this annoying. Nonetheless, I think it is a good idea to keep this novel for next year because it still contains information that is important for the privileged people in the area of Birmingham to realize just how well they have it.

  8. Tania Miller

    A. The last part was all about the trial. Howe was an esteemed lawyer dripping in wealth. He defended Martin Thorn. The DA Youngs was accusing Thorn of murdering William Guldensuppe. The trial went back and forth. Starting with 12 jurors, dropping down to eleven, starting the trial over again with a new twelve and a new judge, then Martin Thorn being charged with murder in the 1st degree, then Howe trying to appeal that to no avail. Howe was known for his 300 pound size, wealth, and the fact that he never lost a case. Youngs was smaller, meak, and focussed on the evidence while Howe was focused on the Pathos/ethos. Howe’s goal was to discredit each piece of information and witness that went up to the stand to testify against Thorn. He said that the bathtub was to clean, no marks, which means that Thorn could not have done it alone (accusing Augusta Nacks). He also said that all the evidence was circumstantial and that Augusta had actually done it. The court room was hot and smelly, filled to the brink with around 500 people, of all genders and ages, witnessing this trial. This trial was the first use of wire tapping so the journal could immediately get the information and produce it to the public as quickly as possible. After the conviction, Martin Thorn was given 5 weeks to live that resulted in 8 months because Howe would not give up. Finally the day came where he was taken to the electric chair and executed. Augusta Nack was given 15 years on accounts of manslaughter but only served 9 on account of good behavior. She had trouble ever living a normal life again. Always known as a murderess, she had to change her name multiple times and resorted to living a secluded life away from people. She was released from jail to a new world, where Newspapers were more square and had pictures, cars were being used as well as planes, and forensic science had become more credible. The use of fingerprints were now mandatory and there were medical examiners. When a body was found the police/bystanders were told to leave it on account that moving it could affect the evidence. The Guldensuppe case lived on and was used by doctors/police/medical examiners in the future. There were also multiple copy cat cases through out the years following the case. The newspapers came and went. Hearst wasn’t just producing news anymore, he played a role in it! He had an entire team go to Cuba and fight, he wanted it all. Pulitzer aged, and as he aged Hearst raised above. Pulitzer ended up being more influential in the community with things like the Pulitzer prize.
    B. A turning point in the book was when Augusta Back confessed. Her confession solidified the case, she took all the blame away from her and put it on Martin Thorn. Although she was not telling the truth, the confession did it. The book highlights how different times were between Augusta’s imprisonment in late 1890s to the early/mid 1900s. It was a different world with advances in medicine and transportation like cars and planes. After Augusta’s release forensic science had become a very respected profession and a key piece to solving a murder. Coroners were discredited because many of them were not experienced/knowledgable. With the coroners being pushed away came the Medical examiners extensive knowledge of the human body.
    C. The entire book is an APUSH lesson. We learned about yellow journalism, advances during the industrial revolution, treatment of immigrants, the electric chair (forms of execution), and so much more. The electric chair really affected me. They claimed that it was a pain free way to execute a prisoner but I’d disagree. The book described the execution in great detail saying that the electrocution went on for 30 seconds, smoke came up from his calf, his mouth foamed, he shook aggressively, and that he had red welts where the prongs were held. This is anything other than pain free. The book even said that he had been only the 27th person the chair was used on and they had to check and make sure he was still dead! Yellow Journalism was huge in this book. Towards the end I read about how after the Spanish-American Yellow Journalism slowly died off.
    D. I liked the book a lot. I’d give it a B+ because while it was very interesting and taught me a lot the language could be difficult at times and it could be very boring. I wanted to read about the murder while it focussed a lot more on journalism at the time. I think we should keep it for next year because it helped teach me a lot about yellow journalism during the late 1800s and how big of a role it truly played.

  9. Andrew Beggs

    Louie and Phil arrive at an interrogation camp where they are fed slop everyday, exercised way to hard, and beating every single day multiple times. The men get extremely skinny because they are barely fed anything. There are extremely dangerous and brutal guards at the POW camp who beat Louie over and over. On the other side, there are also nice guards who feed Louie extra and don’t beat him unless they must because a higher general ordered it. A POW is never to be saved or escape from the camp. Louie thinks that they will all be executed. In March, Phil is taken to a different camp. Louie meets many new people who tell him their stories about how they got to where they are. The men go through the same routine everyday, and continue to suffer the horrible pains of the Japanese torture. The Japanese have heard about Louie Zamperini and his running abilities. Extremely weak, beaten, hungry, thirsty, and skinny, Louie races a Japanese civilian and ends up beating him only to get beaten himself by a club to the face. Back at home, his family still believes that Louie is alive even though his death was verified by the Air Force. They are extremely depressed. Some of the men at the camp try to plan an escape, but they hear that if anyone is caught trying to escape, they will be executed. So, they ditch that plan. Louie ends up being transferred to a new camp in Omori. At the new camp, Louie meets a brutal Japanese guard nicknamed “The Bird”. Louie is terrified of the bird, and the bird especially picks on Louie and beats Louie more than the other POW’s. Louie has a dream about slaughtering the bird. Louie is chosen to be in a propaganda radio podcast, in which he will be flown to Tokyo, and he will correct NBC saying he is not dead. It reaches his family and they know that Louie is still alive. The Bird is eventually ordered to leave the camp at Omori, more political reasons. Louie is extremely relieved at the sight of the bird leaving. Louie is transferred again, to a camp where the bird was transferred, ugh. This camp is the roughest, with the harshest living conditions and back-breaking labor. Louie and some of the men try to kill the bird by poisoning his rice, but he only gets sick for 10 days then recovers, beating the men severely. The Allies have won, and bombers fly over dropping food, cigarettes, supplies, and magazines. The Japanese run away. After two and a half years, Louie heads home. The Zamperini family has reunited. The doctors tell him that he will never be able to run again. Louie meets a girl named Cynthia and marries her. Louie has extreme PTSD. He also becomes an alcoholic after the war, and he wants to hunt down the bird and kill him. The bird ends up being found in Japan and he killed himself. Louie and Cynthia’s relationship is on the down fall as Louie keeps drinking and is abusive with Cynthia. Cynthia is pregnant, and Louie realizes he need to step up. Louie ends up being fine and pulls himself together, and becomes a motivational speaker. He forgives the bird in the end.

    This book was not very bias at all because it was pretty much a narrative in third person about the life of Louie Zamperini. There was no opportunity for being biased because it wasn’t an opinion based subject.

    The Contextualization of this part of the story was the Americans were over the edge and really starting to take control of the war. With the war coming closer to an end, the Japanese were very harsh with the POW’s and beat them severely. The Americans were taking control of more islands of the pacific and gaining closer and closer to the country of Japan. They were becoming very impatient like we saw in the bird. Towards the end, Japan was pretty much hopeless and the US ended up dropping the nuclear bombs on August 6th and 9th, pretty much capping up the war and the POW’s were saved for the most part. But overall, this part of the book represents the end of World War 2 in 1945 where the US was dominating.

    This part of the book examines the Japanese brutality in the war towards the American prisoners. They gave them very little, and severely beat them everyday. Sort of like the holocaust happening in Europe, this compares with the POW camps. We also studied the droppings of the nuclear bombs on Japan in August of 1945. The decision was very controversial but president Truman dropped the nuclear bombs on Japan on August 6th and 9th. We also studied the end of the war and how America transitioned into the new society after World War II.

    I would 100% give this book a Grade A. It was absolutely fantastic I honestly couldn’t put it down. I finished it in 3 days. The book really did a great job at transitioning from Louie being in the olympics to being in the war. The book spent a huge amount of time with Louie in the camp, and I didn’t know how the author wrote it so well but he talked about Louie’s experience in the camps for over 200 pages. It seems like a short topic but the author really extended it and did a fantastic job. I really thought this book was good at showing the torture of the Americans in the POW and was very graphic about the explanations. Overall, this book was fantastically wrote and did a great job exemplifying a typical experiment for a POW in World War II. 10/10 would recommend and keep it for next year.

  10. Griffin Kozlow

    a) The final part of this book was very eventful and a lot happened. It started off right after Octavian was taken back to the college. He was put in a room alone, and an iron mask with a mouthpiece was forced around his head as he starved in the room. He didn’t eat for 5 days straight. Octavian had no idea what was happening. He had lost all his senses. All of a sudden, all his senses came back to him, stronger than ever. He began observing too much so it seemed as if he wasn’t observing anything. Light started to come into the room, and after 5 days he had one meal. A man came in and told Octavian that they were meeting about Octavian every day, and that they were going to interview him. Octavian had no idea what this interview could be about. When he was called in for it, he was in a room with Mr. Sharpe, Mr. Gitney, and Dr. Trefusis. Mr. Gitney explains how Africans became black and then Mr. Sharpe explains that slavery is the root of economy and that black people are inferior to white people. Octavian then begins to argue with Mr. Sharpe about whether or not economy is boosted by slavery. Dr. Trefusis was insisting on getting the table tea. After a lot of convincing, Dr. Trefusis poured the table tea. Meanwhile, Mr. Sharpe had gotten so fed up with his argument with Octavian that he got the iron mask and mouthpiece and put it back on him. Octavian then fell to the floor and started vomiting. As he did, he saw Mr. Gitney and Mr. Sharpe on the ground convulsing, and Mr. Sharpe suddenly realized that Dr. Trefusis had drugged the tea. Dr. Trefusis and Octavian took the opportunity to escape. They ran out and took a taxi to Cambridge. They were on a mission to get to Boston. When they got there, they both jumped in the water and started swimming. Swimming to Boston. Swimming to freedom.
    b) I am going to use change and continuity to explain this book. In the beginning of the book, Octavian didn’t know he was a slave, let alone would he escape. The whole first part was about the discovering of his story. Then, when the College held a Pox Party and his mom died and got dissected, Octavian began to recognize the true evils of the College and he started to think about revolting. In the third part, Octavian had run away and he was growing as a person through his interactions with Goring. Then, Octavian came back to the College, and after being held hostage for close to a week, he finally escaped the College for good. This shows extreme change in Octavian’s character, from the timid, innocent little boy to the intelligent, understanding, brave man. Octavian was still the same, however, because he was always quiet and reserved. From the beginning to the end, Octavian stayed polite and he always (usually) waited his turn to speak.
    c) This book relates to the argument about whether or not slavery is right. Mr. Sharpe believes that although slavery is wrong, it is essential for business and profit. That is different from what many people believed at the time – that slavery is morally right. This would letter be coined as the saying “slavery is a positive good”. Octavian argues that he doesn’t get profit from slavery, so slavery must not be all about profit. This debate shows the differences in opinions about slavery. Mr. Gitney, on the other hand, thinks slavery is wrong and he would love to not own slaves, but he wouldn’t be able to deal with the money loss from selling the slaves.
    d) I would give the book an A-. I think it was very entertaining, but at the same time it threw together historical things without the reader really noticing. They fit perfectly into the book. For example, when the British invaded the town where the College was, they needed to move to a different place, and that worked perfectly with the story, but it also used true facts so it seemed real. The only critique I have is that sometimes the language and style was confusing, and the wording could have been more clear.

  11. nick c

    In the last part of money men the last 2 chapters basically went over the large impact that money and economy has had on historical events not necessarily related to money itself. Like the WWI impact on creating jobs and women’s impact in the job market. The epilogue shares the impact of money on the federal reserve system and creation of a central bank. Financial panics and small recessions were a large part of shaping people’s distrust in government and banks in history. The book progressed from the beginning systems and failures of early economics and sprouted into sharing how what were once ideas like a federal reserve, gold reserve, and a central banking system grew to become necessary for the country. The last two chapters were very short but they focused on mostly how a central bank and others became a necessity for the country’s financial survival.

    For this last part I would use periodization to connect the Main creation of the centralized bank , under the federal reserve act in 1913 created the centralized banking system to balance american economy with private and publicized currency. In 1913, only 6 years after the panic of 1907 which was an early recession in America’s history, the US needed a stronger centralized receiver for the ever increasing economy. The gold reserve was another crucial point made in the end of the book, and also covered throughout, whereas the economy was rapidly increasing, the dollar needed to be backed b y something that held its value.

    The end of the book summarized the US historical economics, which we learned a lot about in APUSH, but one this i remember covering in particular was The presidency of theodore roosevelt. Teddy was the one who, in America’s financial depression, created a huge amount of jobs for men by most famously planting trees. The reason i connect to this the most is because every time i got to my lake house up north i see the perfectly aligned rows and rows of trees that were planted decades ago by men in desperate need of any job they could get. Learning this in a bigger picture in APUSH emphasized on the president’s creative thinking to put ,many jobless Americans to work.

    I would rate this a solid A for anyone who loves money and economics. It doesn’t necessarily teach you econ, but it teaches you the failures and successes of the men who shaped our economy and country that we live in and with today. A very big reason i would highly recommend this book to anyone not even a lover of economics and money is because of the connections to APUSH. It may just be me, but i find it fun sometimes when i can make connections subliminally and sometimes unconsciously simply because of taking APUSH. It puts all the information we learned in the past year and spits it out in a different fashion, and being able to pick up on the reasons behind historical trends and economic trends without the book telling you, in my opinion, makes it very fin to read. The book doesn’t focus on more recent economic activities like the 2000, and 2008 economic crisis, but learning about the original money men is very interesting and the book does a great way of expressing and relating how history repeats itself. Defiantly a !0/10 book and i highly recommend it.

  12. Celia Crompton

    The trial in the book drags on and it looks like Ned Stokes is done for, however Stokes’ lawyer brings a new motivation to light: Stokes was acting in self defense as a result of Fisk threatening his life on the night of the murder and for the previous months. This is corroborated by another business associate of Fisk’s and Mansfield, who heard the threats on Stoke’s life herself. This is the difference between life and death for Edward Stokes: if the jury decided on premeditated murder, then he was surely hung. However, acting in self defense would be significantly less punishment. In the end, after some frighteningly solid evidence provided by Stokes, Mansfield, and other associates of Fisk’s, as well as Fisk’s gun found in the sofa cushions, Stokes is let off the hook with a sentence of 4 years jail time. Not much is heard from Josie Mansfield at this point, but she will forever be known as the woman who’s lover murdered the other. Stokes is also said to be much colder and took a lot of legal actions against close friends after he got out of jail and started work in a local hotel as a partner.

    Synthesis: This whole trial part of the book and especially the sentence can be compared to the famous OJ Simpson trial and Rodney King case from the nineties for reasons of exposing societal boundaries and getting off easy for being rich and influential. Stokes is much lower than Fisk in many ways, he is poorer, not as talented, and less cunning. Fisk’s rich and powerful allies and tycoon friends let him do whatever he wanted involving Stokes in the trials, which is a lot like how police who made King suffer didn’t get charged at first because of their higher status as white men. On the other hand, Stokes is still much richer than the average guy (like Stokes) which is why both of them were able to afford good lawyers, good testimonies, and get off with a shorter sentence than should have been.

    We learned in APUSH how sometimes people can be above the law just because of their race or socioeconomic position, like OJ Simpson because of his wealth and popularity, or the police in the Rodney King case that got off despite beating a defenseless man senseless. We also learned how in the Gilded Age this is prominent, like in this book. Tammany Hall and Boss Tweed manipulated the law all the time due to their political positions. Overall the gist of this book, especially the ending, reminds me of these recurring themes in APUSH.

    I give this book a B because it is not very interesting to read if you’re not into such a dull format, but it is extremely to the T historically accurate and provides a lot of Gilded Age context and supplemental information about the time period, like the Orange Day Massacre and Boss Tweed’s downfall, as well as information about Vanderbilt and other railroad tycoons involved with Fisk. I would keep this book due to its extreme historical accuracy and contextualization, even if it’s not as riveting as some of the other novels on the list.

  13. Lizzie P

    The Help:

    1.) My reading begins with Minny talking about her frustrations with Celia as she will not get out of bed. Celia still is unaware that her husband knows about Minny. Celia keeps trying to get the League Members to come over. The problem is that Hilly is a league member and hates Minny, who helps Celia. Hilly could get Minny fired. Minny and Aibleen reflect on civil rights. They don’t mind the segregated buildings and bathrooms as much as they do getting called names and accused for things they clearly did not do. Minny comes across Celia one night and finds out that she has been drinking. Minny wants to confront Celia, as her own father was an alcoholic and she hated it. A few months later, the two argue, and Celia fires Minny. Minny returns to Celia’s and pleads for her job back. However, Celia is ill and does not remember firing Minny. It is revealed that Celia had been pregnant for five months. However, she has a miscarriage. Celia reveals to Minny that what Minny had thought was alcohol was actually a solution meant to help her pregnancy last to term. Miss Hilly’s maid, Yule May, agrees to help Skeeter with her interviews. She says that she had been saving up to send her twin boys to college, but only could afford to send one of them. In a cry for help, she stole Miss Hilly’s ruby ring. Now, she is in prison and her money is going toward a court case. Skeeter is sickened, as she knows that the ring is not even fancy and Miss Hilly hates it. The whole trial only took 15 minutes. After this, more and more maids came to Skeeter to tell their stories. Skeeter and Stuart also end their relationship. Hilly and Skeeter fight about the bathroom idea at the Junior League meeting. Hilly wants her to advertise it in the newsletter, but Skeeter refuses. Hilly threatens to fire her as editor. Skeeter eventually gives in and writes about the bathroom idea. Under the paragraph about the bathroom idea, Skeeter sneaks in a paragraph about Hilly’s coat drive. However, she tells people to leave toilets on her lawn instead of coats. Hilly comes home to lots of old toilets on her lawn. Mr. Leefolt asks Aibileen about her work with Skeeter. He knows. He tells Aibileen she will have serious problems if they continue to talk. The women at the League finally hang out with Celia. Celia tells them about how Elizabeth recommended Minny to her. Further on, a naked man appears on Celia’s lawn. He throws a rock through the window of her house. Celia calls the police. Minny tries to attack him, but fails. Celia then beats him until he is not dead, but cannot fight any longer. Celia is banned from the League’s events after accidentally tearing Hilly’s dress at a benefit and vomiting. Celia has thoughts of leaving Johnny because she feels that she is not good enough. Minny convinces Celia not to do so. At the next league meeting, Hilly fires Skeeter as editor and takes charge herself of editing the paper. Aibileen, Skeeter, and Minny decide to call the story they have worked on Help. Aibileen finally reveals what happened to Skeeter’s beloved maid Constantine. Her daughter was born looking white. She went to a meeting for white people, but people found out. Constantine took her daughter back to Chicago, and died three weeks later. Stuart and Skeeter get back together. He eventually proposes. Skeeter agrees but then tells him about her book. Stuart takes back the proposal but promises to keep the secret. The book is finished and copies are sold. Mae Mobely, now four, tells Aibileen that her teacher said colored people aren’t smart enough to go to school with her. Aibileen tells her this isn’t true and Mae believes her. The book is discussed on the TV. The reporters are sure it is about Jackson. Hilly has a copy of the book. This book talks about the mischevious thing that Minny did to her in the first chapter. Minny made her a pie, in which she added something very disturbing. Later on, Celia tells Johnny about the miscarriage. He asks her to never leave him. He also says that Minny is welcome to serve them for the rest of their lives. Hilly comes over to Elizabeth’s and is convinced the novel is about Jackson. She wants to find the maids who helped. Mae Moebley came home from school crying because her teacher scolded her. Her teacher told her to draw what she liked most about herself, and she drew her face colored in. Back to the novel. Miss Hilly had finally gotten to the chapter and is now convincing people it is not about Jackson, so they know that Chapter 7 was not about what she consumed. Hilly confronts Skeeter and threatens to sue her. She also says she has terrible things coming for Aibileen and Minny. Skeeter is offered a job as editor in New York City at a major magazine. Aibileen and Minny convince her to take the job. Miss Leefolt had her second child. Mae Moebely is seen by Aibileen and her father, teaching her new brother the games that Aibileen showed her to explain the civil rights movement. Her father is furious. Mae tells him that her teacher taught her it. Aibileen gets a job as Miss Myrna in the local newspaper. Minny calls Aibileen freaking out. Her husband, Leroy, lost his job and blames Minny. He took all the kids out of the house and threatened to burn the house down with Minny inside. Minny is locked in the bathroom. Minny managed to escape. She decides to leave Leroy for good, and she will make a fine living with the money from the book. Hilly then accuses Aibileen of stealing Elizabeth’s jewelry. The novel finishes with Aibileen being fired from Elizabeth’s. Mae Moebely cries her eyes out and Aibileen cries with her. She thinks about how she will start over, now that she is no longer raising white babies.

    2.) Synthesis: The novel, The Help, takes place in the South during the 1960s. However, the novel ends before any drastic civil rights changes took place (which mostly occurred in 1965). This time period was a hectic time for African Americans. Schools, bathrooms, public buildings, and more were segregated between whites and blacks. Whites viewed blacks with disease. Also, there were Jim Crow Laws, which limited the freedoms that blacks desired. The common American sentiment was that whites were far superior to blacks. This clearly is portrayed in the novel. The 1960s has many similar ideals as hundred years prior, during the antebellum/Civil War Era. In this time, there was a lot of hate toward blacks. African Americans were slaves and they had to live under harsh slave codes. Most slavery took place in the South after many debates, such as the Missouri Compromise (where slavery became banned in the North). In both time periods, there was a white supremacist attitude. Also, in both periods, more and more whites were coming out and deciding that they don’t care about the racial barriers. Everyone is human. Abolitionists appeared during the antebellum/Civil War Era. Many whites in the 1960s also began to help African Americans push for change. This is shown in the novel by Skeeter, her father, and the friend she met at the market. Furthermore, in both the antebellum/Civil War Era, African Americans were living under “codes” that limited their rights. Slave codes made slavery legal and took away almost all rights that African Americans desire today. They could not testify in court, read, write, etc. In the 60s, Jim Crow Laws were put in effect that prevented African Americans from being able to vote, share public places, etc. All in all, the two time periods were very similar.

    3.) In the reading, Minny reveals that her husband beats her. At the end of the novel, she decides to leave him. In APUSH, we learned that divorce was much less common than today and it was sometimes viewed as shameful. Also, in APUSH, we learned about the unfair advantage that white people had in courts. If a black person fought against a white in court, almost always, the white person would win. This was the case even if the evidence did not match up. In the novel, Hilly’s maid, Yule May, testified against Hilly for stealing jewelry. The whole court case lasted 15 minutes. This shows how courts did not take the time to listen to what African Americans even had to say. Furthermore, in APUSH, we observed African Americans coming together to make a stand for what they believed in. That was what the 1960s, Civil Rights movements were all about. We saw groups like Black Power, NAACP, etc. In the novel, the African American maids banded together to inform other about the horrors of racism.

    4.) All in all, I absolutely loved this novel. I would definitely give it an A grade. This book should 100% be kept for next year. I enjoyed it because it was not a book that was all facts. In other words, it was not a biography or another non-fiction book that is written like a textbook. It applied real history into a fictional story. It was a story of made up characters living in a real life, terrible period. I learned a lot from this book and I think others can too. It was unlike anything I had learned in APUSH. It took aspects of APUSH and put it in a story. I loved this novel and you truly develop certain attitudes toward the different characters.

  14. Riley Montgomery

    Devil In the White City
    Erik Larson
    In the last part of the book, many loose ends are tied up. Prendergast demands why he was not made an official and is laughed at. He later shows up at the mayor’s and assassinates him.The last day of the fair is his funeral. Prendergast later is sentenced to death. Despite a rough beginning, the fair does turn out to be very successful. It is said that Frank Lloyd Wright was inspired by the world fair. Burnham is not very healthy anymore and Louis Sullivan loses his passion as an architect and instead becomes in debt and alcoholic.
    Holmes’s financial victims and relatives of his murder victims find each other after Holmes performed insurance fraud. But before they can do much about it, Holmes runs to Texas with his new fiancee, Georgiana Yoke. 2 years later, he is under police custody in Philadelphia, but only for insurance fraud for “faking” Pietzel’s death. It is discovered that Holmes had been transporting the Pietzel children around with him but kept them separate from his fiancee, so she never knew. Holmes, in prison, is still manipulative and is still trying to convince Carrie Pietzel that her children are in England. Detectives find that Holmes, his fiancee, and the children are all staying at 3 separate addresses in Toronto. The man who lives next door to where Holmes is staying says that he borrowed a shovel and was seen carrying a human-sized trunk the next day. 2 out of the 3 Pietzel children are found dead in the basement. The third child, along with their father are both found in Indianapolis, dead. There is evidence making Holmes a murderer, but he still refuses to talk with the District Attorney, claiming Minnie helped murder the children.

    Comparison of the Paris and Chicago World Fairs
    While the American fair was larger than the Paris one, Paris still received more visitors. America used neoclassic building style and had only 2 years to bring their vision to life while Paris had eight. Both displayed extraordinary inventions. For example, an American architect designed the first ferris Wheel for this event. The French fair publicized the phonograph and many French artists.

    I can relate this part of the book to APUSH because of Prendergast assassinating Harrison. I read Assassination Vacation and learned about the assassinations of Lincoln, McKinley, and Garfield. Harrison’s assassination was similar to Seward’s attempted one (Lincoln’s Secretary of State) because both were in their homes. This book also relates to the Jungle, which takes place in Chicago 15 years later. There are certain people who rule the city and the Stockyard owners are very wealthy.

    I’d give this a B and I think it should definitely stay for next year. I found it very interesting but near the end the world fair story line got a little boring. Some parts of it were very intriguing to read about, especially Holmes’ story. The fair was interesting to read about, the process behind it. I did not realize how much work went into that sort of thing before. I think what I found most interesting was the Ferris Wheel and why it was designed.

  15. Donavin Stoops

    a.) The fourth and final part of The Help starts off with Minny going to Miss Foote’s house after the party last night. Miss Celia is super sad about what happened and she lays down all day and doesn’t eat. A few days later Minny tells Miss Celia a secret to get her up. Apparently Minny put her “waste” into a chocolate pie and fed it to Hilly. This got Miss Celia up and moving again in a great mood. Later Mr Foote and Celia tell Minny that the job at their house will always be there for them. Miss Skeeter calls the editors in New York and they told her that she only has 2 weeks left to finish and send out the book. She rushes and barley finishes on time and ultimately sends it out. Later, Stewart proposes to Skeeter but then Skeeter tells him about the book and Stewart instead left her. Skeeters mom is also very sick and on her deathbed. A few weeks later they learn that the book is going to published, with most of them going in the south. They also find out that their book is going to be reviewed on a TV talk show and they all start to get anxious about it. When the show comes out the talker mentions the book may be from Jackson Mississippi so then Leefolt, Hilly, and everyone else buys a copy. Hilly gets suspicious about the book being in Jackson and starts to figure out who is who. Eventually a few maids are fired just because Hilly thinks it’s them, even though she is wrong most of the time. Once Hilly reads up until the end of the book and reads the pie part, she then tells everyone it’s not Jackson so she won’t be made a fool. However, Leroy gets fired because of Hilly’s influence and she was about to kill Minny but instead Minny took the kids and left him for good. Skeeter also got a new job in New York as an editor and moves out there because she has nothing left in Jackson. However the book doesn’t end on such a good note because Hilly convinced Miss Leefolt to fire Aibileen and then Mae Mobley got super sad.

    b.) I am going to connect this portion of the book with cause and effect. A lot of big things happens in this portion of the book. For example, because of Minny telling Miss Celia her story, Celia is no longer depressed and instead is finally happy about her life. Because of the book being published, Jackson is taken over with complete drama and fighting. Hilly becomes a maniac in trying to find out who wrote what. Also since Hilly’s embarrassing story was in the book, so many maids jobs were saved instead of many being fired and hurt.

    c.) This book connects a few ways to the APUSH curriculum that we learned throughout the year. For example, it talks about how when Kennedy was assassinated, everyone was so surprised and so Jackson went quite for the rest of the year, no one was having a party because they felt bad about what has happened. They also talk about the new fashion trends of the time like not having dresses worn so short and making them more stylius. Finally they also talk about the moon landings and how far the world has become in the short time they’ve been alive.

    d.) I give this book for sure an A. It was such a good book because I loved how all the characters came together in the end, no matter what race or social status they were in. I also like how at first Minny was so annoyed by Celia and the way she acted and behaved. But at the end, they actually became good friends and liked each other. I also like how at the end they finally defeated Hilly in a way because she finally didn’t completely get her way by firing every maid in town. However, my favorite part of the book is the special bond with Aibileen and Mae Mobley. They were so good to each other like how Mae Mobley liked her more than her own mom. At the end when they split up was very sad, although it did make the book amazing at the end.

  16. Rania Abbasi

    a. I’m reading The New Jim Crow by Michelle Alexander. The last portion of my reading is chapter 6 – “The Fire This Time”. In this section, Alexander ties together all the ideas expressed in chapters 1-5. She starts talking about the Jena 6, who were six young black boys that were discriminated against; who then beat up a white boy. They were all later sentenced when they were older. Alexander begins with this because it draws attention to the idea that race issues won’t get attention unless there’s explicit racial acts. Because of this, mass incarceration isn’t fully recognized by all racial activists, and most importantly, the general public. She talks about how most of the organizations in the fight for civil rights are led by lawyers, who are part of the mass incarceration issue; therefore don’t recognize it as a problem. Alexander goes deeper in this part of the chapter where she says that she wants her book to start a conversation and provoke action. Reform, she says, will not be easy. Of course because racism is inherent in our society, and the entire culture of law enforcement, drug legality, the prison industrial complex, and more would need to change. This is a very difficult task. She references Martin Luther King Jr. when he says that we must talk about the caste system with race; even if it’s an uncomfortable topic. Our society tries to be race-neutral in its conversations, however if we don’t actually talk about the truth, nothing will change. This is what the “colorblindness” actually is (that is in the title) and what the implications are. Affirmative Action is also a topic in this chapter. Alexander touches on how it is used as a way to say we are becoming diverse and working on our race issues; when in reality, we aren’t fundamentally altering the structures that create the racism in the first place. She says that ALL of us, even white people, must work together. If we don’t, nothing will change.
    b. Change and continuity is an interesting topic to use for the end of this novel. You can say that we’ve changed how we talk about race and how present it is in our society, however the continuity is that race has always been an issue and that our system itself must be altered. In essence, there are surface changes, yet everything below the surface continues.
    c. In APUSH, we studied media views of women and men. We talked about how these issues have deep, underlying problems that are engrained in our society; and we won’t be able to change the problem unless we go to the very beginning and fundamentally alter how to raise our kids. This is similar to how we have to alter the system of law enforcement and the War on Drugs to begin ending the race issues in the United States.
    d. I would rate this book an A. I don’t necessarily think that Michelle Alexander was biased, however she may be. She used many facts and source to back up her claims (MLK, Department of Justice, Supreme Court, etc.) and argued interesting points that I had never read about before (such as what she said about Affirmative Action in chapter 6). The New Jim Crow is a must read for all Americans wishing to improve race relations in their country and hopefully will bring light to mass incarceration—hidden beneath an invisible system of racism.

  17. Lindsay Martin

    After being a laundress, Mary returned to working as a cook. Inevitably, she infected more people with typhoid. Then, we start to learn even more about Albert. He is trying to get his life together- get a job, stop drinking- but is very unsuccessful. Upon learning of Mary’s freedom, he tries to rekindle what they had. Mary won’t affiliate herself with him, after everything he has done to her. This causes Alfred to spiral down even further, and his alcoholism and suffering gets much worse. They find each other again, but with their past together- Mary having to support Alfred by being a cook, and Alfred blowing their money at the bar. Mary keeps supporting him through cooking, which leads to her recapture and permanent return to North Brother Island. She is found out after there was a huge outbreak of Typhoid at Sloane Hospital for Women, where Mary had cooked for more people. As Mary gets older, she starts to reflect on her life. The book takes us back to the ordeal with the Kirkenbauers. She has a different take on it now- Mary starts to realize that maybe the doctors were right. She contemplates over whether she caused that child to die, and that she didn’t want to accept that, so that is why she fought so hard against her doctors.
    In the early 20th century, medicine was lacking. But, more diseases were on the decline as we worked to improve sanitation. Public health was on the rise, clean drinking water started to be provided. More and more states started health departments, and by 1900, 45 of the states had one. The first local health departments started in 1908. Disease prevention became a huge focus, in the mid-1900s, sewage disposal, treating the water, the FDA, and awareness about safe practices. Hand and food washing were promoted. Water began to be chlorinated, so less waterborne diseases were prominent.  Tuberculosis became less of a cause of death.
    In APUSH, we learned about the unsanitary conditions in big cities. Manure covered the streets, as the model T hadn’t been popularized yet. The meat packaging business was unsanitary, they were loaded with germs and diseases. The meat wasn’t refrigerated or inspected. Many died as a result of these bad conditions. The non-edible parts of animals weren’t properly disposed of.
    This was a great read. It was engaging from the beginning, and kept me enticed until the end. I didn’t want to put it down. It made the history seem like a story, it didn’t ever make you feel bored. Sometimes the flashbacks were confusing, and messed up the timeline of the story. Once you caught on to how that works the book was very pleasurable. The storyline was captivating, you began to relate to the character, and feel sympathy for her plight. I would include this book in the curriculum next year. This book connects to other classes we discussed typhoid mary in foods class as well. So not only does this book expand your understanding of the unsanitary streets of the cities, it helps you understand why something as simple as washing your hands can change your life. I would give this book an A-, solely because the flashbacks can be hard to follow.

  18. Beau Lerner

    Blog #4.

    A. In the final stretch of the book, the author talks about how he believes that UFO believers should be sure to unite and stay strong, to never sway from the “truth” (I believe he meant more of a subjective kind of truth that aligns with his beliefs, not any real, objective “truth”). The final stretch of the book is a little different than the rest of the book in terms of content and tone, as it turns from a somewhat biased (okay, majorly biased) depiction of the history of UFO believers, to more of a rallying cry for believers of UFOs. In my opinion, he could have really made an attempt to try to sway skeptics or fully-fledged nonbelievers to join his side, but he still continued with the assumption that the reader is also a full UFO fanatic like himself.
    B. For this final blog I would like to talk about periodization. We all know that the spontaneous growth of the Internet has made America’s political landscape more divided (IE. Democrats believe that Republicans are all evil racist Nazis, while Republicans believe that Democrats are mooching Hippie Communists, etc) and this incredibly one-sided, subjective view of politics even stretches to nonpartisan issues, such as UFOs. The author certainly seems to have a tone of looking down on anybody that does not completely believe in UFOs. If you don’t believe in UFOs, it is because you are just lazy, as you can easily spend thousands of hours of your life reading declassified documents from the government, right? I mean, we should all be UFOlogists!
    C. I would to connect my reading to something that we have not necessarily “studied” in APUSH, but it is certainly something that we have discussed numerous times: The 2016 Presidential election. The election was incredibly divisive, with supporters of either side (sorry, Gary Johnson voters, but there were only going to be one of two winners in this election) throwing a lot of shade at the other side. From Donald Trump calling Hillary “crooked” a “nasty woman” and multiple other derogatory terms I will not list for sake of profanity, to Hillary Clinton referring to Donald Trumps supporters, nearly half of America, as “deplorables”. This kind of landscape certainly stretches in the “politics” of UFOlogy, as those who believe in UFOs see those who don’t as horrible machines probably manufactured by the government to spread lies, or those who don’t believe in UFOs thinking that they are all tin-foil-hat wearing crazy Internet conspiracy theorists.

    D. After careful consideration and thought, I would like to give this book two letter grades instead of one, depending on your beliefs in UFOs. If you are 100% devout UFO fanatic then this book should be rated a solid A+ for you, as this book would be perfect for those with that mindset. However, if you do not believe in UFOs, or you are at least skeptical or unsure about their existence, then this book is a definite C, as it has major bias and makes the assumption that you, too, are a major UFO fanatic, that you have had your third eye opened and that the Illuminati is real, etc.

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